geographic information question and need the explanation and answer to help me learn.

reflection on the topic below in ppt
Requirements: 4 pages

WaterLearning Objectives:-Discuss the various aspects of protection of water resources-Connect the impact of phosphorus on water with sources from cities, agriculture and human activities
Lake Winnipeg Foundation•An environmental NGO advocating for change and coordinating action to improve the health of Lake Winnipeg•Founded in 2005 as a volunteer coalition of concerned lake-lovers. •LWF is emerging as a leading organization working collaboratively with non-profit, academic and government sectors and the public to restore and protect our great lake

•Wetlands include marshes, ponds, swamps, bogs, river deltas and peatlands•Vegetation in wetlands filters out nutrients like phosphorus from water that ends up in rivers and lakes•Wetlands trap water and release it slowly over time reducing risks of floods and droughts•Wetlands store carbon and mitigate effects of climate
•Significant losses of wetlands has occurred and is ongoing•75% of Manitoba original wetlands have been drained since development began on the Prairies•A key driver today is pressure on agriculture to increase production•Ducks Unlimited estimates 6 hectares of wetlands are lost every day –that’s the equivalent of 6 football fields

•Keeping Water on the Land seeks enforceable protection of remaining wetlands on a provincial scale•The approach is driven by a “no-net-loss” principle to wetland protection•Step 1 –Protection•Step 2 –Reverse the Damage and strive for a net gain in ecological function•Includes support for engineered solutions and investment in sustainable agriculture initiatives

•The Boreal Forest is one of the worlds largest intact ecosystem•It consists of trees and other vegetation, freshwater lakes and streams and wetlands –primarily peatlands•Manitoba’s boreal forest is largely untouched and generally healthy but unchecked development will forever alter the critical functions the forest performs•Economic pursuits must be balanced with careful stewardship

•Long-term health and sustainability of the boreal forest is one of the best ways to restore and protect the health of Lake Winnipeg•The Conserving the Boreal Forest Plan supports preservation of at least 50% of the forest in a network of large, interconnected protected areas and require sustainable resource management practices

•Municipal wastewater throughout Manitoba contributes about 9% of total phosphorus loading to Lake Winnipeg or 19% of phosphorus originating in Manitoba•The City of Winnipeg North End Water Pollution Control Centre is the 4thlargest phosphorus polluter in Canada and the single largest point source in Manitoba
•Manitoba Municipalities are challenged to replace and upgrade existing wastewater facilities•Phosphorus reducing technologies can be expensive•Regulations make testing new approaches difficult•Some jurisdictions don’t acknowledge there is a problem
•Setting the Standard for Wastewater Treatment encourages municipal leaders to get serious about reducing point sources for phosphorus•LWF encourages innovation and demonstration projects and enhanced regulations
•Key to understanding the problem and responding to the challenge is knowing how, when and where phosphorus is reaching Lake Winnipeg•The Lake Winnipeg Community-Based Monitoring Network is a growing network of citizen volunteers•Participants collect water samples for analysis to measure concentrations and help calculate the phosphorus coming off the landscape
•Data supplements and enhances existing federal and provincial data•The network partners are committed to expand the network to build a multi-year data set•The network has demonstrated the value of citizen-generated data
•Shorelines are where most people encounter and interact with water•More than 23,000 people live in 30 communities including 11 First Nation Communities on the shores of Lake Winnipeg•Populations swell in summer•Shorelines are important fish and wildlife habitats and include marshes and wetlands that help filter phosphorus and other nutrients

•Uncoordinated and unchecked development along shorelines can disrupt sensitive habitat and destroy marshes and wetlands•The NetleyLibauMarsh, at 26,00 hectares, is one of the largest coastal wetlands in Canada•From 1971 to 2001 open water on the marsh increased by 20%, a change that continues today
•Managing our Shorelines works towards collaborative development of shoreline management guidelines•It includes data collection, pilot-project funding, and other supports for shoreline management best practices

•Agriculture is vital to Manitoba’s economy and socio-economic stability•What happens on the land affects what happens in the water•Farmers play a critical role in environmental stewardship
•Agricultural beneficial management practices taken by producers can minimize negative effects to the environment while improving the quality of water, soil, air, and biodiversity•Techniques such as managing manure and fertilizers, establishing holding ponds near feed lots and introducing alternative feeding strategies and help keep phosphorus on the land

•Phosphorus loading is a problem, but it represents an opportunity for innovation and sustainable economic development
•Water connects us all•Water is essential to life on our shared planet•Its health is our shared responsibility•Watersheds are natural boundaries not political boundaries –Lake Winnipeg’s watershed encompasses 4 Canadian Provinces, 4 American States and many First Nations•It covers almost 1,000,000 square kilometers•It is home to over 7 million people

•The opposite of responsibility is blame•Pointing fingers while ignoring our own contributions and actions is easy•It’s also easy to do nothing –whether out of apathy or because we are daunted by the complexity and scale of the challenge•These attitudes prevent us from moving forward•It’s time to start acting
•Taking Responsibility urges Manitobans to get engaged as stewards of our shared waters, as consumers with purchasing power and as citizens living in a democracy in which the collective voice of the people influences the laws of the land•Conserve Water•Buy Phosphate Free Products•Demand beneficial practices from industry•Support Environmental Organizations